Kajmakcalan (Кајмакчалан, Kaimaktsalan) is the highest peak of Mount Nidze (2.521 m) and during the WW1 (First World War) one of the key positions on the Macedonian (Salonika) front.
- Type of tour: Tourist drive (4×4 Jeep taxi)
- Difficulty of tour: Difficult
- Location:Kajmakcalan Peak, Nidze mountan
- Dates:July – September
- Duration of the tour: 9-10 hours
- Bitola: 615 m – Kajmakcalan: 2.521 m – Bitola: 615 m
- Max. Number of persons per Jeep: Driver + 3 (For bigger groups more 4×4 vehicles can be hired)
- Price: Fill out the contact form for more info
According to one legend, the name Kajmakcalan originates from the thief “Kajmak” (the best), who climbed at the peak with his fellows, carrying the stolen gold from the raids. Kajmak dug out a hole and hid the gold, after which the leader of group killed Kajmak and said that in this way he will be eternal keeper of the buried treasure. (Kajmakcalan – literally translation: Kajmak+calam = the best in stealing). There are also other legends and stories for the name Kajmakcalan.
Battle of Kajmakcalan
The peak Kajmakcalan during the First World War was one of the key positions on the Macedonian Front. The Battle for Kajmakcalan will be remembered in history for the large number of victims on both sides, ie the Bulgarian and Serbian armies which were stationed in this part of the front, which both also included a large number of forcibly recruited Macedonians.
The peak Kajmakcalan was significant strategic position for both sides. The Bulgarians called it “Boris city” (after prince Boris) because they thought it was impregnable, whereas the Serbs called it “The Gate of Freedom”.
Kajmakcalan battle was fought between 12 and 30 September 1916, when the first Serbian army managed to take the top St. Elijah, ousting the Bulgarians towards Mariovo, where they set up a new defensive line. Between 26 and 30 September summit Kajmakcalan been took over several times, until the Serbian army finally conquered it and kept it on 30 September. Human casualties were enormous on both sides, primarily due to man to man fight.
The Kajmakcalan Chapel
According to some sources, immediately after the Kajmakcalan Battle, given the large number of casualties on both sides, the soldiers started to build some kind of memorial on the peak. The chapel, with the nearby ossuary which houses the bones of many unknown soldiers, the Bell tower and the facilities were finished in 1928, marking the 10th anniversary of the end of First World War. On that occasion also was put into service the road leading from Bitola to Kaimakcalan.
Program of the tour:
07.00 – Departure from Bitola
07.40 – Short break at location Konjarka, near village Skocivir
08.00 ~ 12.00 – Tourist 4×4 Off Road Drive: Konjarka to Kajmakcalan, with short stops.
12~13.30 – Arrival at the peak Kajmakcalan,
Visit of the church St. Peter and the ossuary,
13.30 ~ 17.00 – Tourist 4×4 Off Road Drive: Kajmakcalan – Konjarka – Bitola
17.00 – End of tour
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